Anxiety Disorder Medications

Medication As A Part Of Treatment For Anxiety Disorders

Medication treatment of anxiety disorders is oftentimes used in conjunction with therapy. Medication is safe and effective when used properly and may be a short-term or long-term treatment option depending on severity of symptoms, other medical conditions, and other individual circumstances. However, it can take time and patience to find the drug or combination of drugs that works best for you.

hand with medication

Variety Of Anxiety Disorder Medications

There are four major classes of medications that are commonly used in the treatment of anxiety disorders:

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors relieve anxiety symptoms by blocking the re-absorption, or re-uptake of serotonin by certain nerve cells in the brain, leaving more serotonin available so mood is improved. SSRI’s such as citalopram, escitalopram, fluoxetine, paroxetine, and sertraline, generally produce fewer side effects when compared with tricyclic antidepressants. These medications are effective for all kinds of anxiety disorders; however obsessive-compulsive disorder may require higher doses. Common side effects can include insomnia or sleepiness, sexual dysfunction, and weight gain.

Serotonin-Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors or SNRI class (venlafaxine and duloxetine) work on two levels: by increasing the levels of the neurotransmitters serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain through inhibition of their re-absorption into brain cells. SNRI’s are considered to be a first line treatment, especially for generalized anxiety disorder. Common side effects can include stomach upset, insomnia, headache, sexual dysfunction, and a minor increase in blood pressure.

Benzodiazepines (alprazolam, clonazepam, diazepam, and lorazepam) are frequently used for short-term management of anxiety. They are highly effective in promoting relaxation and reducing muscular tension and other physical anxiety symptoms. One caution: long-term use may require increased doses to achieve the same effect and this could lead to problems related to tolerance and dependence.

Tricyclic Antidepressants such as amitriptyline, imipramine, and nortriptyline serve the same purpose as benzodiazepines. They are effective in the treatment of anxiety and present less risk involved with long-term use. Side effects (some of which can be significant) include orthostatic hypotension (a drop in blood pressure upon standing), constipation, urinary retention, dry mouth, and blurry vision.

Be sure to contact your physician if you experience side effects, even if you are not sure that a certain symptom is caused by your anxiety disorder medication. Do not stop taking the medication without speaking with the prescribing physician because abruptly stopping a medication can sometimes cause other health risks.

Before Starting Medication Treatment:

We can help you if you feel you have anxiety. Before you begin taking anxiety disorder medications, inform your clinician of other medications you are taking, including prescriptions, vitamins, and over-the-counter drugs such as herbal or dietary supplements. This simple precaution can help you avoid potentially dangerous drug interactions.

What To Ask About Anxiety Disorder Medications

Ask questions about the medication, such as when to take it, what side effects there may be, and whether there are any foods or beverages to avoid while taking the medication. Ask your clinician how long you should be on the medication before you begin to see results and what results you should expect. Your pharmacist should also be able to answer your questions, advise you of possible drug interactions and side effects, and the instructions for use. Be sure to advise your family physician that you are taking medication for an anxiety disorder. Ask how often you should see your doctor for a medication review.

Generally speaking, people suffering from anxiety disorders can benefit from a combination of medication and therapy.

Please contact us in regards to our services in Delray Beach, FL and also across the United States via teletherapy.

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Treatment Programs Specializing In:

Serving the whole person, not just the symptoms. In all of our programs your comfort, privacy and long-term success are paramount.

COVID-19 Trauma has become familiar to many people throughout the pandemic. If you’re experiencing trauma, PTSD, anxiety, or depression as a result of Corona virus learn about how our COVID-19 Trauma Treatment Program can help.


We offer online therapy to help people who are unable to leave their homes. Contact us and we will will schedule your confidential online assessment.


Helping people from all walks of life find deeper connection and understanding to create stronger and healthier relationships.


Anxiety disorders are the most common psychiatric illnesses affecting children and adults. When you experience anxiety that is persistent, seemingly uncontrollable, overwhelming and disabling you may have an anxiety disorder.


Mood disorders represent a category of psychiatric disorders in which the underlying problem primarily affects a person’s persistent emotional state or mood. Mood disorders are made up of depressive types and bipolar types.


Children and adolescents experience normal problems of growing up due to pressures of social media, school, socializing, self esteem or family. Our youth services provide assistance in dealing with educational, social, and vocational issues.


The Trauma Institute provides highly specialized clinical services, informed by the latest cutting edge-research, for trauma survivors. We are an Institute dedicated to clinical services, community education, professional training, and research focused on trauma recovery.


Many children and adults who have weak executive functioning skills are negatively impacted in all areas of life but fortunately through assessment and intervention, executive skills can be strengthened and compensatory strategies can be learned.  When these skills are well developed, children and adults can better maximum their potential and future outcomes.


Families naturally go through stages and transitions across the lifespan. Family dynamics impact each individuals’ response to daily life and major events. Therapy can help families understand their complex and ever-changing dynamics. As the family becomes an expert in their processes, they will be able to use new skills to navigate each situation with love and respect for one another.


Types of Therapy

The Center offers cutting edge therapy designed to get you on the road to a speedy recovery. We will help you to learn how to live your daily life free from the fears or compulsions that inhibit you or your child’s ability to complete each day’s tasks.

More Ways to Get Help Now

The Center offers cutting edge therapy designed to get you on the road to a speedy recovery. We know that you can’t always make it into our office for your session. Which is why we now provide teletherapy. You can get support from the comfort of your own home. We offer cognitive behavior therapy, psychodynamic psychotherapy, mindfulness meditation, group therapy, and medication. Depending on your needs, here’s how you can get help now:

Online or Phone Therapy

For individuals around the country or those wanting help from the comfort of your own home, we offer therapy via Facetime, Skype or phone.

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In Person Treatment

We have professionals available 7 days a week. Our offices are conveniently located in the Boca/Delray area.

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Intensive Outpatient Programs

For those who prefer a more short-term approach we offer intensive sessions for individuals or groups. Perfect for those with a less flexible work schedule.

When it comes to anxiety or mood disorders we specialize in treating the whole person, not just your symptoms. In all of our programs your comfort, privacy and long-term success are paramount.

Looking for immediate help?
Contact Us Today for a Confidential Assessment.

Call 561-496-1094 or